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A will (Persistence) and a proper way (Self-Directedness) might lead to happiness

Författare och institution:
Danilo Garcia (Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för psykiatri och neurokemi); Trevor Archer (Psykologiska institutionen); Saleh Moradi (Psykologiska institutionen)
Publicerad i:
6th European Conference on Positive Psychology,
Konferensbidrag, refereegranskat
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Background: Persistence is a temperament dimension that explains maintenance of behavior. Adolescents high in Persistence are expected to be hard-working, and stable despite frustration and fatigue. They are also expected to increase their efforts in response to anticipated reward. In other words, frustration and fatigue may be perceived as a personal challenge; they do not give up easily and are probably willing to make major sacrifices to be a success (e.g., good grades). Persistent pursuit of need-satisfying goals is suggested to lead to increased Subjective Well-Being (SWB; Sheldon et al., 2010). Nevertheless, adolescents who have difficulties disengaging from unattainable goals, display high levels of proteins that predict long-term risk for diabetes, heart disease, and other medical conditions. Perseveration might naturally lead to high levels of positive experience when goals are achieved. Nevertheless, high persistence may be an adaptive behaviour only when rewards are intermittent but the contingencies remain stable. It is important to point out that daily problems adolescents encounter seem to be an equally stressful experience as major life events. Hence, at least among adolescents, perseveration may become maladaptive and probably leads to low SWB. In this context, another important personality dimension in adolescence might be Self-Directedness. Adolescents that are self-directed develop good habits and automatically behave in accord with their long-term values and goals, probably as a consequence of self-discipline. For instance, Duckworth and Seligman (2005) showed that, among adolescents, self-discipline outdoes IQ when predicting academic performance. Aims: The present study aims to investigate the relationship between Persistence, Self-Directedness, and SWB. Method: In two studies 468 high school pupils reported Persistence, Self-Directedness, Positive and Negative Affect. Life Satisfaction was also measured in Study 2. The personality dimensions were measured by the Temperament and Character Inventory. The SWB constructs were measured using the Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule and the Satisfaction with Life Scale. We used mediation analysis procedures recommended by Baron and Kenny (1986) to investigate if Self-Directedness accounts for a significant amount of the shared variance between Persistence and SWB measures. Results: Self-Directedness emerged as being related to all measures of SWB used in the present set of studies. In both studies, mediation analysis show that Self-Directedness accounts for a significant amount of the shared variance between Persistence and Positive Affect. Specifically, the indirect and total effects of Self-Directedness in our model suggest a partial mediation of 24% in Study 1 and a partial mediation of 42% in Study 2. However, Self-Directedness did not mediate the relationship between Persistence and Negative Affect or Persistence and Life Satisfaction. Conclusions: Paraphrasing the most asserted conclusion from Sheldon and colleagues (2010) at least among adolescents Persistence (will) and Self-Directedness (proper way) might lead to happiness. We suggest that, although the meditational effect of Self-Directedness was only true for the relationship between Persistence and positive emotions, this specific finding is important. If the goal is to teach adolescents to direct attention and effort toward a challenging goal, this might be facilitated through the promotion of Self-Directedness.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Hälsovetenskaper ->
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Happiness, Life Satisfaction, Mediation Analysis, Negative Affect, Persistence, Positive Affect, Self-Directedness, Subjective Well-Being
Ytterligare information:
6th European Conference on Positive Psychology. Moscow, Russia.
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2012-11-16 22:14

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