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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Swedish consensus politics: between technocracy and public participation

Författare och institution:
Alison Cool (-); Amelie Hoshor (Institutionen för filosofi, lingvistik och vetenskapsteori)
Publicerad i:
Design and displacement: social studies of science and technology, p. 124. Annual meeting of the Society for Social Studies of Science and European Association for the Study of Science and Technology. Copenhagen, Denmark October 17-20.,
Konferensbidrag, refereegranskat
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Sweden, with its long history of consensus politics, offers an intriguing context for re-examining science-based controversies. While Danish models of “consensusing” valorize the lay person as the epitome of unbiased knowledge, Swedish styles of deliberation--and their emphasis on expert knowledge--raise different questions about the boundaries of legitimate participation in science-related issues. Swedish democratic forms are often described as open, deliberative, and inclusive of multiple forums for public participation, yet at the same time characterized by a highly rationalistic approach to social policy. We explore the implications of this tension between inclusion and expertise/rationalism for public participation in two sciencerelated controversies that played out in Swedish popular media. In the debate over the Metropolitan study (Metropolit) in the late 1980s and early 90s, and the so-called Gillberg affair over the DAMP diagnosis in the late 1990s and early 2000s, traditional expertise and its boundaries were challenged. Formal decisionmaking procedures were side-stepped, as stakeholders found other public platforms to raise questions about the appropriate boundaries of democratic participation in science-related matters. We argue that alternative and informal public forums have opened a space for interested actors to “re-politicize” scientific matters as social concerns, even as the strong legacy of Swedish social engineering continues to inform attempts to frame ideological problems in technical terms, thus making them amenable to scientific solutions. As a result, forms of political and scientific expertise are often indistinguishable in practice, as science and politics converge into a single articulation of institutionalized elite rationalism.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Sociologi ->
Annan humaniora
Annan humaniora ->
Övrig annan humaniora
Consensus politics, controversy, expertise/rationalism, public participation and deliberation, Sweden
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2012-11-06 11:10

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