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Freedom of Choice as Repressive Tolerance

Författare och institution:
Marianne Dovemark (Institutionen för pedagogik och specialpedagogik)
Publicerad i:
Paper presented at Oxford Ethnography and Education Conference, Oxford, September 10-12, 2012,
Konferensbidrag, refereegranskat
Sammanfattning (abstract):
During the last two decades the Swedish school-system has gone through revolutionary changes in response to economic, social and cultural pressures. Restructuring and decentralisation have changed the organisation and form of schooling. Things have become less collectivistic with more individualised and privatized instruction with a strong focus on freedom of choice, personalised learning and personal responsibility A new discourse has emerged about the value of public choice. But even though the organisational forms look different the preservation concerning the education system’s correspondence to the capitalist state is, although maybe less obvious and more subtle, still the norm (status quo). Even if the education system has got a new disguise the ideological and material roles are still the same. There is a continuation of the system by allowing just enough challenge to the system to convince people that they live in a truly open society characterized by freedom of choice, while still maintaining the system’s structural inequity. The paper aims to insert Marcuse’s (1964) concept of repressive tolerance into the freedom of choice discourse. Marcuse’s ideas may be able to help us realize how an apparently tolerant embrace of diversity of choices can be subtly controlled, so that it ends up legitimizing the very domination and repression it is said to challenge. Marcuse questioned the wisdom of “starting where the students are”, which is a common starting-point and argument for freedom of choice within Swedish education. I argue that it is a flawed and misguided tolerance and students mistakenly believe they are participating in a practice characterized by influence and participation when experiencing freedom of choice.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Utbildningsvetenskap ->
repressive tolerance, freedom of choice, ethnography
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2012-10-17 11:04

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