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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

High-field diffusion tensor imaging characterization of cerebral white matter injury in LPS-exposed fetal sheep.

Författare och institution:
Yohan van de Looij (-); Gregory A Lodygensky (-); Justin M Dean (Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi); François Lazeyras (-); Henrik Hagberg (Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, sektionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Avdelningen för obstetrik och gynekologi); Ingemar Kjellmer (-); Carina Mallard (Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi); Petra S Hüppi (-); Stéphane V Sizonenko (-)
Publicerad i:
Pediatric research, 72 s. 285-92
ISSN:
1530-0447
Publikationstyp:
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Publiceringsår:
2012
Språk:
engelska
Fulltextlänk:
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Background:In gyrencephalic species such as sheep, precise anatomical and microstructural characterization of the consequences of fetal inflammation remains scarce. The goal of this study was to characterize changes in white matter structure using advanced MRI following lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposure in the preterm equivalent fetal sheep.Methods:Preterm (0.7 gestation) fetal sheep received vehicle (Sham group) or LPS (LPS group), and fetal brains were collected 10 days later for subsequent ex-vivo MRI. T(1)-Weighted (T(1)W), T(2)-Weighted (T(2)W), and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data were collected.Results:Fetuses exposed to LPS exhibited reductions in white matter volume and corpus callosum thickness at 10 days recovery. Characteristic patterns of diffuse and focal white matter lesions (necrosis or cysts) could be identified by various T(1), T(2) and DTI signal changes.Conclusion:Fetal LPS exposure induces a pattern of injury characterized by diffuse and focal white matter injury, which closely reproduces that observed clinically in preterm infants. This work provides anatomical and microstructural MRI assessment, as well as histopathological correlates, of the consequences of LPS exposure in an animal model with a white matter structure similar to the human brain. This work will help to further our understanding of MRI changes in preterm infants.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Klinisk medicin ->
Kirurgi ->
Pediatrisk kirurgi
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Klinisk medicin ->
Reproduktionsmedicin och gynekologi ->
Obstetrik och kvinnosjukdomar
Postens nummer:
159591
Posten skapad:
2012-06-27 08:55
Posten ändrad:
2016-08-22 14:02

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