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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Special education in Europe, overrepresentation of minority students

Författare och institution:
Girma Berhanu (Institutionen för pedagogik och specialpedagogik); Alan Dyson (-)
Publicerad i:
In J. Banks (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Diversity in Education, s. 2070-2073
SAGE Publications, Inc.
Thousand Oaks
Sammanfattning (abstract):
In Europe, as in the United States, special education brings customized interventions to bear on the difficulties that some learners experience in school. The assumption is that these difficulties relate to learners’ individual characteristics—for instance, to disabilities—and that processes of individualized assessment are needed to identify which learners need what kind of help. On this basis, social characteristics such as ethnicity, gender, and class should have no bearing on who receives special education, and members of different social groups should be equally likely to be identified. In practice, however, this is not the case. In European countries that have looked at this issue (and not all have), special education is commonly characterized by disproportionality—that is, learners from particular social groups are represented in proportions that are different from their presence in the overall school population. This is a concern for two reasons. First, placement in special education carries certain negative consequences—in the form of stigmatization and restricted educational opportunities—and in some European countries, these consequences can be severe. Second, if it is social group rather than individual characteristics that lead to learners experiencing difficulties in school, the individualized interventions of special education are highly unlikely to be effective and may simply mask the need to tackle underlying social inequalities. Much is known about
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disproportionality, gender inequalities, social and ethnic minorities, immigrants, special education and inclusive education in Europe, international comparative perspective
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2012-06-01 13:21
Posten ändrad:
2012-06-07 10:41

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