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The Kälvesten model - a Swedish example f how research-based knowledge about how to investigate and assess prospective foster parents was successfully put into praxis.

Författare och institution:
Margareta Regnér (Institutionen för socialt arbete); Bodil Rasmusson (-)
Publicerad i:
2nd European Conference for Social Work Research, 22-24 March 2012, Basel. Book of Abstracts, s. Nr 100
Konferensbidrag, refereegranskat
Sammanfattning (abstract):
The aim of this paper is to present the Swedish Kälvesten model as a model in which very extensive and reliable research has had a major impact on social work practise. How the research came to be used and disseminated will be presented and discussed as an example of close connections between well-done research and well thought-out practical use of research. This claim is based on a research study, finished in September 2011, in which the overall purpose was to explore – in theory and practice – models used by Swedish social workers to investigate and assess prospective foster parents, an unexplored field in Sweden and internationally. The main objective also included contributing to identification of problems, dilemmas and opportunities in social work within this field. Part of the study was to describe and analyze the established models regarding content, origin, research and theoretical background, purpose, materials and dissemination. The Kälvesten model is the most widely used. Specific issues were also raised with regard to social workers use of the models, and how the investigations are carried out in practise. The research methodology was qualitative and was based firstly on the analysis of possible research background and other texts that belonged to the related models. The models’ distribution and use across the country were checked. Moreover, interviews with special key persons who teach about the models were conducted, as group interviews with social workers in four municipalities. In addition, five participant observations were conducted in three of these municipalities on the “interpretation meetings” that are part of the Kälvesten model. Anna-Lisa Kälvesten, originator of the method, was herself both one of Sweden’s most skilled researchers on families and inner family life, as an experienced practitioner. She created together with Graziella Meldahl the named model (1982) based on the approach and analysis from their family research. An example of the model’s application is the social workers’ work in four stages: 1) The contact stage (calls for mutual information) 2) Orientation stage (home visits, meeting with the entire family) 3) Interview stage (carries out the special family interview) 4) Follow-up stage (review of the interview; decision concerning cooperation or not) Interesting is, that included in the interview stage is also the interpretation meeting where the interview is processed using a third-party interpreter, who is familiar with the model's theoretical and research backgrounds. The Kälvesten model, created in the early 1980s, represents a paradigm shift in the perception of children and families in social work. Examination of prospective foster homes’ material conditions was replaced by interest in and focus on the significance of relationships, both in Sweden and internationally. Although the model was created about 30 years ago, its content is surprisingly modern in comparison to contemporary family research. In addition, the conclusion was, that the model is in line with evidence-based practice, even if it was created in another time.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Sociologi ->
Socialt arbete ->
Foster Family, Assessment Model, Satges of Investigation, Family Diagnosis, Relationship-building Interview, Evidence-based Practise
Ytterligare information:
Conference website:
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2012-05-28 22:37
Posten ändrad:
2012-06-11 16:09

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