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Driving Forces to Changed Agricultural Land Use: A Call for a Landscape Perspective

Författare och institution:
Elin Slätmo (Institutionen för kulturgeografi och ekonomisk geografi)
Publicerad i:
The International Symposium on Society and Resource Management, ISSRM. Madison, Wisconsin, USA 4-8 June 2011,
Konferensbidrag, övrigt
Sammanfattning (abstract):
The land use in the European agricultural sector is since the 1950s characterized by an intensification of agricultural production in high productive and flat areas and abandonment of land in more low productive and remote areas. Abandonment of agriculture in remote areas creates challenges for continued livelihood in these landscapes. At the same time are many of the most fertile soils, where it could be attractive to maintain the agricultural production, co-located with rapidly expanding urban areas which creates direct conflicts between different land uses and actors connected to these peri-urban landscapes. This study aims to create a wider understanding about causes behind agricultural land use change and the possibilities for spatial planning to regulate these changes. The concept driving forces to land use change is used to increase the knowledge about the processes behind abandonment and closedown of agricultural land. The complexity of driving forces is investigated by focusing on both remote and peri-urban agricultural lands, using interviews and document studies on several spatial levels. Two case areas characterized by a fast urbanisation and high valued agricultural land in Norway along with a case area that are more remote and with low valued agricultural land in Sweden are chosen. The result of the study indicates that abandonment of agricultural land in a remote rural area of Sweden is not only connected to the agricultural sector as other factors are as important for the agricultural land use. In the peri-urban landscape the maintenance of agricultural land is strongly connected to political decisions in spatial planning. The result of the study therefore points to the need of a holistic landscape perspective in order to increase the knowledge about driving forces to land use change. A need for a process analysis in order to investigate the spatial planning’s institutional relationships, power relations and their importance for the outcome in the physical landscape is also identified.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Social och ekonomisk geografi ->
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2012-01-12 12:19

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