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Towards a Radically Pragmatic Theory of If-Conditionals

Författare och institution:
Gunnar Björnsson (Institutionen för filosofi, lingvistik och vetenskapsteori)
Publicerad i:
Current Research in the Semantics/Pragmatics Interface, 24 s. 103-141
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
t is generally agreed that constructions of the form “if P, Q” are capable of conveying a number of different relations between antecedent and consequent, with pragmatics playing a central role in determining these relations. Controversy concerns what the conventional contribution of the if-clause is, how it constrains the pragmatic processes, and what those processes are. In this chapter, I begin to argue that the conventional contribution of if-clauses to semantics is exhausted by the fact that these clauses introduce a proposition without presenting it as true so that the consequent can be understood in relation to it. Given our cognitive interests in such non-truth-presentational introductions, conditionals will make salient the wide but nevertheless disciplined variety of contents that we naturally attribute to them; no further substantial constraints of the sorts proposed by standard theories of conditionals are needed to explain the phenomena. If this is correct, it provides prima facie evidence for a radically contextualist account of conditionals according to which conditionals have no truth-evaluable or intuitively complete content absent some contextually provided, sufficiently salient relation between antecedent and consequent.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Filosofi, etik och religion ->
Filosofi, etik och religion ->
Filosofi ->
Teoretisk filosofi
conditionals, indicative conditionals, relevance conditionals, material implication, pragmatics, embedding
Ytterligare information:
Volume, Making Semantics Pragmatic, edited by Ken Turner
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2012-01-06 13:33

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