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Happy today, happy tomorrow: The (non-)effect of temporal distance on judgments of Life Satisfaction

Författare och institution:
Danilo Garcia (Psykologiska institutionen)
Publicerad i:
Personality and Individual Differences, 51 ( 8 ) s. 1048–1051
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Construal Level Theory (CLT; Trope & Liberman, 2003) posits that everyday life predictions, evaluations, and choices are influenced by how near or distant in time the event is. However, judgments of Life Satisfaction (LS) are relatively weakly influenced by situational factors and relatively strongly influenced by personality factors. Moreover, the constructive episodic simulation hypothesis (Schacter & Addis, 2007a, 2007b) implies that memory of past events provides details for simulations of future novel experiences. Undergraduate students (N = 127) were randomly asked for how desirable LS was and for actual judgements of LS in the near- or distant-future. The results show that LS was more desirable in the distantfuture. Thus, indicating that LS is abstractly assessed and judgments of LS should therefore be influenced by temporal distance as predicted by CLT. However, no significant differences in actual LS were found between conditions. Implications for theory development are discussed.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Construal Level Theory; Constructive episodic simulation; hypothesis; Episodic memory; Happiness; Life Satisfaction; Temporal distance
Ytterligare information:
DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2011.07.031
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2011-09-02 23:16
Posten ändrad:
2011-09-30 14:30

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