Food choice is reflected in serum markers and anthropometric measures in healthy 8-yr old.
Författare och institution:
Susanne Eriksson (Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, sektionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Avdelningen för pediatrik); Birgitta Strandvik (Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, sektionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Avdelningen för pediatrik)
e-SPEN, the European e-Journal of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, 5 ( 3 ) s. e117-e124
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
In healthy 4-yr-olds 17% were overweight/obese and high fat intake was associated with lower body weight and BMI.
The objective was to analyse food intake and the relationship to anthropometry at the age of 8 yrs.
One-hundred and fourteen 8-yr-olds were investigated. Questionnaires were used for lifestyle, health and food choice combined with a 24-h dietary recall. Serum concentrations of vitamin D (25(OH)D) and phospholipid fatty acid concentrations were measured in 97 children.
Percentage of overweight/obesity was similar to 4-yr-olds. Saturated fat intake was higher than recommended. Consumption of full fat milk was negatively associated to BMI, like protein and fat intake per kg body weight. A moderate intake of fat fish was associated with higher serum concentrations of omega-3 fatty acids. Serum 25(OH)D levels were correlated to the intake. Junk food was mainly restricted to weekends and associated to higher energy, fat and sucrose intake, without association to anthropometry.
Food pattern was similar to that at 4 yrs of age suggesting that food habits were established at an early age. High saturated fat intake was not negatively influencing anthropometry. Serum markers reflected the intake of fish, milk and vitamin D.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Hälso- och sjukvårdsorganisation, hälsopolitik och hälsoekonomi
Annan samhällsvetenskap ->
Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap ->
24-h Recall; Food frequency questionnaire; Milk; n − 3 Fatty acids; Vitamin D
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