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Root caries and risk profiles using the Cariogram in different periodontal disease severity groups.

Författare och institution:
Hani T Fadel (Institutionen för odontologi); Khalid Al Hamdan (-); Yasser Rhbeini (-); Lars Heijl (Institutionen för odontologi); Dowen Birkhed (Institutionen för odontologi)
Publicerad i:
Acta odontologica Scandinavica, 69 ( 2 ) s. 118-124
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Objectives. To study root caries and risk profiles using the Cariogram in relation to periodontal disease severity and to analyse indicators associated with high caries risk. Material and methods. A cross-sectional examination was carried out on 112 patients with periodontal disease from two government clinics in Saudi Arabia. The investigation comprised a questionnaire, bitewing radiographs, measurement of salivary secretion rate, buffering capacity and cariogenic microorganisms, and registration of periodontal status, plaque amount and coronal and root caries/fillings (DFT and RDFT). The data were then entered into the Cariogram pedagogic model to illustrate the caries risk profiles. Results. Patients were grouped according to periodontal disease severity into one of three groups: (1) gingivitis (n = 44); (2) mild-to-moderate periodontitis (n = 33); and (3) severe periodontitis (n = 35). The prevalence of RDFT in the total sample was 17%. There were no statistically significant differences between the three groups in number of root lesions or mean ‘Actual Chance to Avoid New Cavities’ (Chance-AC) according to the Cariogram. Of the total sample, 22% displayed high caries risk (Chance-AC ≤40%). The most significant risk indicators in high caries risk patients were infrequent use of fluoride and unfavourable salivary and microbial parameters. Conclusions. Root surface lesions and high caries risk were present in about one-fifth of the patients referred for periodontal treatment. A combination of risk indicators rather than a single one contributed to the increased risk. Caries and risk profiles were not significantly correlated with periodontal disease severity.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Klinisk medicin ->
Odontologi ->
periodontal disease, risk assessment, root caries, Saudi Arabia
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2011-01-13 09:14
Posten ändrad:
2013-01-28 14:21

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