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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Nitric oxide in the control of luminescence from lantern shark (Etmopterus spinax)

Författare och institution:
Julien Claes (-); Susanne Holmgren (Zoologiska institutionen); Jenny Krönström (Zoologiska institutionen); J. Mallefet (-)
Publicerad i:
JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY , 213 ( 17 ) s. 3005-3011
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Abstract: Photophores (photogenic organs) of the lantern shark Etmopterus spinax are under hormonal control, with prolactin (PRL) and melatonin (MT) triggering the light emission. Differential sensitivity to these hormones in adult individuals suggests, however, that the luminescence of this shark is controlled by an additional mechanism. In this study, different techniques were used to investigate a potential modulator of E. spinax luminescence-nitric oxide (NO). NO synthase (NOS)-like immunoreactivity (IR) was found in the photocytes (photogenic cells) of the photophores. In addition, acetylated tubulin IR also supported the presence of nerves running through the photogenic tissue and innervating different structural elements of the photophores: photocytes, pigmented cells from the iris-like structure and lens cells. Pharmacological experiments confirmed a modulatory action of NO on the hormonally induced luminescence: NO donors sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and hydroxylamine decreased the time to reach the maximum amplitude (TLmax) of MT-induced luminescence while these substances decreased the maximum amplitude of PRL-induced luminescence (and also the TLmax in the case of SNP). The small impact of the NOS inhibitor L-NAME on hormonally induced luminescence suggests that NO is only produced on demand. The cGMP analogue 8BrcGMP mimicked the effects of NO donors suggesting that the effects of NO are mediated by cGMP.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Biologiska vetenskaper
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2011-01-11 13:59
Posten ändrad:
2011-11-11 11:40

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