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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Eptifibatide is noninferior to abciximab in primary percutaneous coronary intervention: results from the SCAAR (Swedish Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty Registry).

Författare och institution:
Axel Akerblom (-); Stefan K James (-); Michael Koutouzis (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för molekylär och klinisk medicin); Bo Lagerqvist (-); Ulf Stenestrand (-); Bodil Svennblad (-); Jonas Oldgren (-)
Publicerad i:
Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 56 ( 6 ) s. 470-5
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test the noninferiority of eptifibatide relative to abciximab in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors are recommended by international guidelines in patients with acute coronary syndromes undergoing PCI. Abciximab is recommended with a higher level of evidence than eptifibatide in patients with STEMI. No large, prospective, randomized trial comparing abciximab and eptifibatide has been published. METHODS: All (n = 11,479) STEMI patients in Sweden who underwent primary PCI and received either eptifibatide or abciximab from 2004 to 2007 were derived from the SCAAR (Swedish Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty Registry). The primary end point was death or myocardial infarction (MI) during 1-year follow-up, with adjustment for baseline differences with a multivariate logistic regression analysis including propensity score. The pre-specified noninferiority margin was set to 1.29. RESULTS: The combined end point occurred in 353 of 2,355 patients (15.0%) treated with eptifibatide and in 1,432 of 9,124 patients (15.7%) treated with abciximab. The unadjusted odds ratio (OR) for eptifibatide versus abciximab was 0.95 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.84 to 1.08). Multivariate adjustment (n = 11,317) confirmed noninferiority, with an OR of 0.94 (95% CI: 0.82 to 1.09). The adjusted secondary end points of death and MI separately also showed noninferiority, with ORs of 0.99 (95% CI: 0.82 to 1.19) and 0.88 (95% CI: 0.73 to 1.05), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This large registry study suggests that eptifibatide is noninferior to abciximab in patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI with respect to death or MI during 1 year, thereby supporting the use of either drug in clinical practice.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Klinisk medicin ->
Aged, Angioplasty, Transluminal, Percutaneous Coronary, methods, Antibodies, Monoclonal, administration & dosage, Coronary Angiography, Electrocardiography, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments, administration & dosage, Infusions, Intravenous, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Infarction, mortality, radiography, therapy, Peptides, administration & dosage, Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors, administration & dosage, Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex, antagonists & inhibitors, Prospective Studies, Registries, Survival Rate, trends, Sweden, epidemiology, Treatment Outcome
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2010-12-09 15:45
Posten ändrad:
2011-01-20 09:59

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