Attractive "quiet" courtyards: A potential modifier of urban residents' responses to road traffic noise?
Författare och institution:
Anita Gidlöf-Gunnarsson (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa); Evy Öhrström (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 7 ( 9 ) s. 3359-3375
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
The present paper explores the influence of the physical environmental qualities of “quiet” courtyards (degree of naturalness and utilization) on residents’ noise responses. A questionnaire study was conducted in urban residential areas with road-traffic noise exposure between LAeq,24h 58 to 68 dB at the most exposed façade. The dwellings had “quiet” indoor section/s and faced a “quiet” outdoor courtyard (LAeq,24h < 48 dB façade reflex included). Data were collected from 385 residents and four groups were formed based on sound-level categories (58–62 and 63–68 dB) and classification of the “quiet” courtyards into groups with low and high physical environmental quality. At both sound-level categories, the results indicate that access to high-quality “quiet” courtyards is associated with less noise annoyance and noise-disturbed outdoor activities among the residents. Compared to low-quality “quiet” courtyards, high-quality courtyards can function as an attractive restorative environment providing residents with a positive soundscape, opportunities for rest, relaxation and play as well as social relations that potentially reduce the adverse effects of noise. However, access to quietness and a high-quality courtyard can only compensate partly for high sound levels at façades facing the streets, thus, 16% and 29% were still noise annoyed at 58–62 and 63–68 dB, respectively. Implications of the “quiet”-side concept are discussed.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Miljömedicin och yrkesmedicin ->
Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi) ->
road traffic noise, "quiet" side, "quiet" courtyards, annoyance, perceived soundscape, restorative environments
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