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A randomized double-blind study of epicardial left atrial cryoablation for permanent atrial fibrillation in patients undergoing mitral valve surgery: the SWEDish Multicentre Atrial Fibrillation study (SWEDMAF).

Författare och institution:
Carina Blomström-Lundqvist (-); Birgitta Johansson (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för molekylär och klinisk medicin); Eva Berglin (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för molekylär och klinisk medicin); Leif Nilsson (-); Steen M Jensen (-); Stefan Thelin (-); Anders Holmgren (-); Nils Edvardsson (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för molekylär och klinisk medicin); Göran Källner (-); Per Blomström (-)
Publicerad i:
European heart journal, 28 ( 23 ) s. 2902-8
ISSN:
0195-668X
Publikationstyp:
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Publiceringsår:
2007
Språk:
engelska
Fulltextlänk:
Sammanfattning (abstract):
AIMS: The efficacy of epicardial left atrial (LA) cryoablation in eliminating atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients undergoing mitral valve surgery (MVS) is unknown. We hypothesized that MVS combined with LA cryoablation is superior to MVS alone. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty-nine patients with permanent AF, included at four centres, underwent MVS with or without epicardial LA cryoablation. The primary endpoint was regained sinus rhythm. Risk factors for failed AF cryoablation were elucidated. Sixty-five out of 69 patients reached the primary endpoint. At 6 and 12 months follow-up, 73.3% of patients who underwent cryoablation had regained sinus rhythm at both follow-ups, compared with 45.7 and 42.9% of patients, respectively, who underwent MVS alone (group differences, at 6 months P = 0.024, after 12 months P = 0.013). The in-hospital complication rate was 11.4% in the MVS group and 26.5% in the cryoablation group (P = 0.110). Risk factors for failed elimination of AF by cryoablation were duration of permanent AF (P = 0.012) and presence of coronary artery disease (P = 0.047), according to multiple logistic regression analysis. CONCLUSION: This first prospective randomized study showed that combining MVS with epicardial LA cryoablation is significantly better in eliminating pre-operative permanent AF than MVS alone.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP
Nyckelord:
Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Atrial Fibrillation, etiology, surgery, Catheter Ablation, methods, Combined Modality Therapy, methods, Cryosurgery, methods, Double-Blind Method, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Mitral Valve Insufficiency, surgery, Prospective Studies
Postens nummer:
116934
Posten skapad:
2010-03-02 12:22
Posten ändrad:
2016-06-27 08:20

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