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The governing of life through water management in eThekwini Municipality, South Africa
Författare och institution:
Sofie Hellberg (Institutionen för globala studier)
Nordic Africa Days, Trondheim 2009 ,
Water is life and death and everything between and water management has increasingly become a critical issue in global and local governance. Based on field work conducted 2008/2009 this paper critically discusses the way technologies of water service delivery have been incorporated and implemented in the local context of eThekwini Municipality, South Africa. On a global scale there seems to be an emerging consensus on the need for a more conserving approach in water management and for changing our perceptions and handling of water resources. In order to achieve efficient and equitable use at the same time as encouraging protection of water resources, the solutions proposed have included a shift from supply management to demand management and on managing water as an economic good − all part of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM). South Africa is a water stressed country and has adopted ways to counteract the challenges involved from IWRM. It enjoys the reputation as one of the most progressive countries in the world relating to the balancing between equity, sustainability and economic efficiency. eThekwini Municipality, in turn, situated in the KwaZulu-Natal province − incorporating economically dominant city of Durban as well as more marginalized peri-urban and rural areas − has been praised for its success in providing water for the poor through innovative technologies, simultaneously as being able to recover costs and is thus seen as a leader in sustainable service provision. This does necessarily not reflect the lived experiences of people whose use of, and relationship to water, is being managed. Nor does it address the politics of such management. Through a biopolitical reading of water narratives in eThekwini this paper explores how technologies of water service delivery work to enable and constrain people’s lives in their entirety in a context of an amplifying water scarcity.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
water, IWRM, South Africa, sustanability