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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Association between periodontal disease and ischemic heart disease among Swedish women. A cross-sectional study.

Författare och institution:
Ulrika Stenman (Institutionen för odontologi); Anette Wennström (Institutionen för odontologi); Margareta Ahlqwist (Institutionen för odontologi); Calle Bengtsson (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa); Cecilia Björkelund (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa); Lauren Lissner (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa); Magnus Hakeberg (Institutionen för odontologi)
Publicerad i:
Acta odontologica Scandinavica, s. 1-7
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Objective. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to analyze the relationship between chronic periodontitis and ischemic heart disease (IHD). Material and Methods. A cross-section of women aged 38 to 84 years were examined in 1992-93 (analysis based on n=1056). Medical and dental examinations were included in the analysis specifically with regard to IHD and periodontitis. Other well-known risk factors for IHD were used as covariates in multivariable statistical analysis. Results. Among the dentate women in this study (n=847), 74 had IHD and 773 did not. There was no statistically significant difference between numbers of pathological gingival pockets between these groups (58.1% had one or more pathological pockets in the IHD group compared to 57.6% in the non-IHD group). Bivariate analysis of dentate individuals showed significant associations between IHD and number of missing teeth, age, body mass index, waist/hip ratio, life satisfaction, hypertension, and levels of cholesterol and triglycerides. However, in the final multivariable logistic regression model, with the exception of age, only number of teeth (<17 teeth) OR=2.13 (CI 1.20; 3.77) was found to be significantly associated with IHD. Moreover, edentulous women had an OR of 1.94 (CI 1.05; 3.60) in relation to IHD (age-adjusted model). Conclusions. In the present study, periodontitis did not seem to have a statistically significant relationship with IHD. The number of missing teeth showed a strong association with IHD, and this may act as a proxy variable tapping an array of different risk factors and behaviors.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Klinisk medicin ->
Odontologi ->
Odontologisk beteendevetenskap
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2010-01-16 17:08
Posten ändrad:
2011-01-20 09:59

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