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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Effectiveness of limited cone-beam computed tomography in the detection of horizontal root fracture

Författare och institution:
Kivanç Kamburoğlu (-); A.R. Ilker Cebeci (-); Hans-Göran Gröndahl (Institutionen för odontologi)
Publicerad i:
Dental Traumatology , 25 ( 3 ) s. 256-61
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
To compare the diagnostic accuracy of conventional film radiography, charge coupled device (CCD) and photostimulable phosphor plate (PSP) digital images and limited cone-beam computed tomography in detecting simulated horizontal root fracture. Root fractures were created in the horizontal plane in 18 teeth by a mechanical force and fragments were relocated. Another 18 intact teeth with no horizontal root fracture served as a control group. Thirty-six teeth were placed in the respective empty maxillary anterior sockets of a human dry skull in groups three by three. Intraoral radiographs were obtained in three different vertical views by utilizing Eastman Kodak E-speed film, CCD sensor, RVG 5.0 Trophy and a PSP sensor Digora, Optime. Cone beam CT images were taken with a unit (3D Accuitomo; J Morita MFG. Corp, Kyoto, Japan). Three dental radiologists separately examined the intraoral film, PSP, CCD and cone beam CT images for the presence of horizontal root fracture. Specificity and sensitivity for each radiographic technique were calculated. Kappa statistics was used for assessing the agreement between observers. Chi-square statistics was used to determine whether there were differences between the systems. Results were considered significant at P < 0.05. Cone beam CT images revealed significantly higher sensitivities (P < 0.05) than the intraoral systems between which no significant differences were found. Specificities did not show any statistically significant differences between any of the four systems. The kappa values for inter-observer agreement between observers (four pairs) ranged between 0.82–0.90 for the 3DX evaluations and between 0.63–0.71 for the different types of intraoral images. Limited cone beam CT, outperformed the two-dimensional intraoral, conventional as well as digital, radiographic methods in detecting simulated horizontal root fracture.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Klinisk medicin ->
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2010-01-14 11:56
Posten ändrad:
2012-07-06 12:04

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