transparent gif


Ej inloggad.

Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Renewed Growth and Poverty Reduction in Zambia

Författare och institution:
Arne Bigsten (Institutionen för nationalekonomi med statistik); Sven Tengstam (Institutionen för nationalekonomi med statistik)
Utgiven i serie vid Göteborgs universitet:
Working Papers in Economics (online), ISSN 1403-2465; nr 424
University of Gothenburg
Sammanfattning (abstract):
The Zambian economy has grown relatively fast over the last decade up to the current global financial crisis. This paper discusses the challenge of using these growing resources effectively to improve the welfare of the population and to reduce poverty. The poverty head count index is found to have declined from 1998 to 2004 by about 5.4 percentage points. This change can be decomposed into a 6.6 percentage point reduction due to growth and a 1.2 percentage point increase due to inequality change. Since poverty is most severe in the rural areas it is important to make agriculture more efficient by improving roads and electricity, extension services and education. Our discussion further highlights the need to improve tax revenue collection and efficiency in realising budget expenditure plans. An important reform to undertake would be to change the budget cycle. The private sector development strategy should make the country a more attractive destination for private investors by creating a better business environment and infrastructure. The country also needs a new trading arrangement with the EU. Poverty relevant social services such as health and education remain vital. The health sector needs to be strengthened both because it has an immediate effect on welfare and because it helps build and protect human capital that is essential for long-term growth. Also social protection might have a role to play. It might be possible to use schools for channelling resources to the poor. Finally, improved governance helps all other measures to become more efficient.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Ekonomi och näringsliv ->
Zambia, poverty estimates, economic policy, budget, private sector, social services
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2009-12-21 10:22

Visa i Endnote-format

Göteborgs universitet • Tel. 031-786 0000
© Göteborgs universitet 2007